Carlon Robbins PHILS Reading Response 12/05/10 Irigaray: “Plato’s Hystera,” from Speculum of the Other Woman The Belgian-French feminist. Speculum de l’autre femme (; Speculum of the Other Woman), which was highly From Irigaray held a research position at the Centre National de la . Luce Irigaray is a Belgian-born French feminist, philosopher, linguist, psycholinguist, psychoanalyst and cultural theorist. She is best known for her works Speculum of the Other Woman () and.

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Irigaray seeks for men and women to recognize each other in language specuulm irreducible others. Shaun O’Dwyer – – Hypatia 21 2: Is Her End in Her Beginning? Lacan believes that wiman element of fantasy and imagination involved in the identification with the mirror image marks the image as simultaneously representative and misrepresentative of the infant.

She says that ethics requires that iriyaray and women understand themselves as embodied subjects. Sign in Create an account. Irigaray critically appropriates this radical description of sexual difference. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Ethics, Power, and Corporeality. Perhaps the most well known fact of Irigaray’s life-which Irigaray herself refers to in the opening of je, tu, nous -is her education at, and later expulsion from, the Ecole Freudienne de Paris Freudian School of Paris.

Karen Green – – Hypatia 17 hte Orgasm and the Epistemology of Ignorance. An accessible compilation of key essays by Lacan on feminine sexuality. Mimesis Irigaray describes herself as analyzing both the analysts and the philosophers. The infant fantasizes that if he or she could occupy the role of the Phallus-the master signifer of that Symbolic order-he or she could regain the full attention of the mother.

Luce Irigaray (1932?—)

Originally a student of the famous analyst Jacques Lacan, Irigaray’s departure from Lacan in Speculum of the Other Womanwhere she critiques the exclusion of women from both philosophy and psychoanalytic theory, earned her recognition as a leading feminist theorist and continental philosopher. Male dominance has defined Western culture soman centuries.

This page was last edited on womxn Decemberat A radically subversive critique brings to the fore the masculine ideology implicit in psychoanalytic theory and in Western discourse in general: To reestablish harmony in the world, Zeus needs Demeter to return to her divine responsibilities. Or if women’s bodies are viewed as multiple and dispersed, women should speak from that position in a playful way that suggests that this view stems from a masculine economy that values identity and unity e.


Request removal from index. Skip to main content. Claire Colebrook – – Hypatia 12 1: The first section where she basically tears apart the assumptions of Freud emasculates him?

Completion of the Paideia. The material she offers varies from new concepts about religion and bodies-expressed through both the novel use of existing words and the creation of new words-to utopian ideals. Politics Irigaray refuses to belong to any one group in the feminist movement because she believes that there is a tendency for groups to set themselves up against each other.

Luce Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman – PhilPapers

Thus she stresses the need for mothers to represent themselves differently to their daughters, and to emphasize their daughter’s subjectivity. The majority of both men and women consistently chose “il”. Demeter and Persephone love each other and Demeter strives to protect her daughter. Her exchange value is determined by society, while her use value is her natural qualities.

It seems that Irigaray is using an specluum of an allegory to refer to the absence of women, the exclusion of the feminine, from the philosophical tradition not as something immediately or intentional, but rather an always-already presupposed, and remaining unquestioned, element that exists prior to, and is simply carried over into philosophical discourse.

Irigaray and the Sacrifice of the Sacrifice of Woman. Irigaray believes that if women are not understood in Western culture, it is because Western culture has yet to accept alternate paradigms for understanding them.

Luce Irigaray

Columbia University Press, In the last section, “Plato’s Hystera,” Irigaray reinterprets Plato’s myth of the cave, of the womb, in an attempt to discover the origins of that ideology, to ascertain precisely the way in which metaphors were fathered that henceforth became vehicles of meaning, to trace how woman came to be excluded from the production of discourse.

Three examples from her work illustrate her view. Also includes an extensive discussion of the language of indirection that Irigaray believes facilitates ethical relationships between men and women. Katharine rated it it was amazing Mar 04, The perception that Luce Irigaray’s work is essentialist concentrates on her attention to sexual difference, taking this to constitute a rehearsal of heteronormative sexuality. Inshe published the thesis she wrote while studying at the school, Speculum, de l’autre femmetranslated into English as Speculum of the Other Woman.


However, she takes that concept in a feminist direction that would eventually get her kicked out of the Freudian school. Thrift Limited preview – The Other as Another Other.

Irigaray builds her reading of western philosophy off of Lacan’s concept of the mirror stage, the misrecognition of the subject as a completed, and self-inclosed whole a remarkable book, particularly the first chapter that closely reads Freud’s claims on feminine sexuality, revealing their patriarchal conventionality, and then reading them against irigarat grain precisely to reveal how fragile the masculine subject, and how dependent it is on the construction of this non-subjectivity to prop it up.

Both agree that the ahistorical, overly universalized character of traditional psychoanalytic theory must be rejected. Irigaray and her supporters defended her engagement with essentialist views as a strategy. The discourse of reason, solar ghe paternal metaphor, will never oust the fantasy structure of the cave completely. Irigaray upsets traditional words, syntax, and value hierarchies.

Opaque Writing Style Irigaray is often criticized along with other French feminists, such as Julia Kristeva, for the opacity of her writing style. She held a research post at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique sincewhere she is now a Director of Research in Philosophy. While women can oyher subjects if they assimilate to male subjectivity, a separate subject position sspeculum women does not exist.

Catholic University of Louvain. Irigaray introduces these concepts in order to disrupt male dominance in religion. Several of her later texts are dedicated to her work in the womn movement of Italy. In the first section of the book, “The Blind Spot of an Old Dream of Symmetry,” Irigaray rereads Freud’s essay “Femininity,” and his other writings on women, bringing to the fore the masculine ideology implicit in psychoanalytic theory and in Western discourse in general: